Cell-Based Therapy – Frequently Asked Questions


What are Stem Cells?

Stem cells are unique cells in our body which have the ability to become many different types of cells. They are our body’s natural repair mechanism when we sustain injuries or develop wear and tear of our joints, such as in arthritis. Our body stores stem cells in our bone marrow, fat, and organs, and calls them into action when needed. When we sustain an injury, the injured area releases chemicals which send signals to the stem cells to start the repair process. This is how we heal.

As we age our body still has plenty of stored stem cells, but may not be able to mobilize them effectively to treat an injured area. This is especially true of areas with advanced disease and degeneration – such as joints.

Where are Stem Cells Found?

Stem cells can be found in just about any area of our body, however they are most abundant in our bone marrow and fat tissue. These stem cell “storage areas” provide a ready source which can be harvested in a simple and safe fashion.

How can Stem Cells Help Joints Heal?

Stem cells can help repair injured or degenerated tissues in our body. For instance, as cartilage in our joints degenerates and causes orthopedic problems, stem cells have the ability to regenerate cartilage, lessening pain and improving function.

How can Stem Cells be Used?

Doctors can use simple, minimally invasive outpatient procedures to transfer stem cells from a patient’s body’s storage sites to areas where they are needed. Stem cells can be safely removed from the body’s bone marrow, blood, and fat tissue and delivered to injured or degenerated areas of the body.

How Quickly do Stem Cells Start to Work

While stem cells begin the repair process immediately, it may take weeks or months before patients may notice an improvement in their symptoms.

Am I Eligible to Receive Stem Cell Therapy?

Stem cell therapy is not the best course of treatment for some types of conditions. Please complete our Patient Eligibility Form and a Institute of Regenerative Medicine representative will contact you to schedule a free consultation. You can learn more about some of the conditions we treat on our Services page.